Mahatma Gandhi at Hanuman Vyayam
Prasarak Mandal for Inauguration Function of Administrative Building
(21 Dec 1926):
The Main Building of Shree H.V.P. Mandal was inaugurated by Mahatma
Gandhi on 21 Dec 1926. Dr. Patwardhan had been making importunate
requests to Gandhiji to go to Amraoti to open a gymnasium, which
he claimed to be the only one of its kind in the province, if not
in India. And indeed it is. It has about 50 branches and 500 students
in Amraoti itself, only an hour was given to Dr. Patwardhan and
he kept it to the minute. Some of the feats performed were wonderful
indeed and the physique of the youths showed that the institution
was meeting a real want so far as physical training was concerned.
In congratulating the youths and the organisers, Gandhiji delivered
a ten minutes speech which was important as showing his attiude
to akhadas or gymnasiums of which one hears a good deal now a days:
'You know,' said he, ' that I am a man conscious of my limitations
and it is not in my nature to have more things than I can attend
to. But I could not resist Dr. Patwardhan's request. I was glad
to be told that this gymnasium was open to Hindus and Musulmans
alike, and that not only Musulman but 'untouchable' youths are members
of it. I rejoice to see that the institution is thus free from communalism.
Our Shastras say that a boy who would keep his body fit and strong
and make the best use of it should observe Brahmacharya.
I have travelled all over the country and one of the most deplorable
things, I have noticed is the rickety bodies of young men. So long
as we labour under the curse of child-marriage, and so long as many
members of our society are children of such marriages, so long much
bodily exercise is an impossibility, who will recommend physical
exercise to consumptives ? We should therefore lay the axe at the
root of this curse, if we would see our young men and women strong
and healthy and India on the path of vigorous and healthy growth.
Manu has laid down that a student should observe Brahmacharya up
to his 25th year, at least. All physical exercise will be futile
so long as these conditions are not satisfied.
But there is another thing to which I should like to draw your attention.
You know that I am pledged to have nothing to do with things even
remotely connected with violance. Whatever others may say, I am
convinced that the way of non-violonce is the only way and the highest
and permanent religion for me. How is it then, some one might ask,
that an avowed votary of non-violence like me has at all associated
himself with an institution like this? The reason is clear, Ahimsa
or non-violence means the renunciation of the capacity to use violence,
He who has not that capacity is therefore incapable of exercising
non-violence. Non-violence is a mighty spiritual force but its votary
should have the power to use physical force and should consciously
and deliberately refuse to exercise that force. Not that physical
training is a sine qua non for acquiring capacity for violence,
but we may not encourage our youths to have feeble physiques in
order to be capable of ahimsa. You cannot make a man non-violent
by depriving him of arms. One of the many crimes of the British
rule in India is that we have been forcibly deprived of our arms—not
indeed with a view to making as non-violent even if such a thing
was possible but to emasculating us. I want India to be strong and
free to exercise its strength and yet to renounce it.
‘Thus I like institutions like these for physical training.
But let me utter a word of warning. No institution that has as its
object the subjection of a community, whether Hindu, Musalman, Parsi,
or Christian, can have my blessings. Only that institution can have
my blessings which aims at the growth of the physical culture of
all communities, of all youths of the nation, to whatever creed
or community they belong. I should not have come here, did I not
know that the gymnasium I have opened belonged to the latter type,
and whilst once more congratulating you I wish and pray that you
may all be true and pure, and your lives may be consecrated to the
service of our nation and of our religions.’
- Courtesy YOUNG INDIA”, December 30, 1926
Mahatma Gandhi Visit in 1933 :
Thereafter in the year 1933 Mahatma Gandhi again visited this auspicious
Institution and witnessed the activities jointly performed by the
boys from different caste and religion.
Gandhiji attended a function at the Hanuman Vyayam Shala, where
about a hundred Harijans boys displayed their skill in physical
drill before a gathering of thousands, to the accompaniment of a
band played admirably by Harijans. All the volunteers on duty throughout
the city that day were Harijans. Thanks to the efforts of Dr. Patwardhan
of Amraoti, a network of such gymnasiums have sprung up throughout
C. P. and Berar, and they have contributed much to the breaking
down of the barrier of untouchability. Hundreds of Savarna and Harijan
boys belonging to these gymnasiums not only live and play but even
eat together without the slightest distinctions of caste.
This time Gandhiji blessed the activities and the workers of this
Institution. Gandhiji expressed his delight at the progress of the
Harijan boys and said : "This vast gathering must have seen
that there is no God-made distinction between caste-Hindus and Harijans.
The distinction is purely man-made, and is an offence in the eye
of God. If the Harijans are given full opportunities for advancement,
they will certainly equal, if they will not beat, others in many
a field of life. The sight we have witnessed this evening must be
an eye-opener to us and must inspire us to purge our hearts of the
taint of untouchability.”
- Courtesy from Harijan, 24 Nov. 1933